The Sunday of Orthodoxy is the first Sunday of Great Lent. The dominant theme of this Sunday since 843 has been that of the victory of the icons. In that year the iconoclastic controversy, which had raged on and off since 726, was finally laid to rest, and icons and their veneration were restored on the first Sunday in Lent. Ever since, this Sunday has been commemorated as the "Triumph of Orthodoxy."
The Seventh Ecumenical Council dealt predominantly with the controversy regarding icons and their place in Orthodox worship. It was convened in Nicaea in 787 by Empress Irene at the request of Tarasios, Patriarch of Constantinople. The Council was attended by 367 bishops.
Almost a century before this, the iconoclastic controversy had once more shaken the foundations of both Church and State in the Byzantine empire. Excessive religious respect and the ascribed
The eighth day following His birth, the Divine Child was presented in the Temple and circumcised according to the Law existing in Israel since the time of Abraham. On this occasion, He was given the name Jesus, which the Archangel Gabriel announced to the All-Holy Virgin Mary. The Old Testament circumcision was the proto-type of the New Testament baptism. The circumcision of our Lord shows that He received upon Himself the true body of man and not just seemingly, as was later taught of Him by heretics. Our Lord was also circumcised because He wanted to fulfill the entire Law which He Himself gave through the prophets and forefathers. In fulfilling the written Law, He replaced it with Baptism in His Holy Church as was proclaimed by the Apostle Paul: "For neither does circumcision mean anything, nor does uncircumcision, but only a new creation" (Galatians 6:15). (In the cycle of the liturgical calendar of the Church, this Feast of the Lord's Circumcision has neither a Forefeast nor an Antefeast).
Orthodoxy in the World ConstantinopleThe Patriarchate of Constantinople again, at least nominally, became independent after World War I and the rise of modern, secular Turkey, although greatly reduced in size. At present the Patriarch's jurisdiction includes Turkey, the island of Crete and other islands in the Aegean, the Greeks and certain other national groups in the Dispersion (the Diaspora) in Europe, America, Australia, etc. as well as the monastic republic of Mt. Athos and the autonomous Church of Finland. The present position of the Patriarchate in Turkey is precarious, persecution still exists there, and only a few thousand Greek Orthodox still remain in Turkey. (a) Mt. AthosLocated on a small peninsula jutting out into the Aegean Sea from the Greek mainland near Thessalonica, Mt. Athos is a monastic republic consisting of twenty ruling monasteries, the oldest (Great Lavra) dating to the beginning of the 11th Century, as well as numerous other settlements sketes, kellia, hermitages, etc. Of the twenty ruling monasteries, seventeen are Greek, one Russian, one Serbian, and one Bulgarian. (One, Iveron, was originally founded as a Georgian monastery, but now is Greek.) Perhaps 1,500 Monks are presently on the Mountain, a dramatic decline from the turn of the Century when, in 1903, for example, there were over 7,000 Monks there. This is due, in great part, to the halt of vocations from the Communist countries, as well as to a general decline in monastic vocations worldwide. However, there appears to be a revival of monastic life there, particularly at the monasteries of Simonopetra, Dionysiou, Grigoriou, Stavronikita, and Philotheou, and two Monks have shone as spiritual lights there in this Century - the Elder Silouan ( 1938) of St. Panteleimon's Russian Monastery and the Elder Joseph ( 1959) of the New Skete. (b) Finland The Orthodox Church of Finland, an autonomous Church (self-governing, except that the primate is confirmed by the Patriarch of the Mother Church, in this case Constantinople) was originally the fruit of the Monks of Valaam Monastery on Lake Ladoga, who spread Orthodoxy among the Finnish Karelian tribes in the 14th Century. Until 1917, the Finnish Church was part of the Russian Orthodox Church, but with the independence of Finland in 1917 and the unsettled situation in Russia after the Revolution, since 1923 it has been under the spiritual care of Constantinople. There are, today, approximately 66,000 Orthodox faithful in the Finnish Orthodox Church. Alexandria
The Serbian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous, or ecclesiastically independent, member of the Orthodox communion, located primarily in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. Since many Serbs have emigrated to foreign countries, now there are now many Serbian Orthodox communities on all continents.Soon after their arrrival to Balkans the Serbian tribes were successively baptised by Christian missionaries and became Orthodox Christians. The consecration of St. Sava as autocephalous Archbishop of Serbia in 1219, even more strengthened various Serbian principalities in their ecclesia- stical allegiance to Constantinople and Christian East.
Pordični praznici: Detinci, Materice, Oci
Od bake sam saznala da postoje porodični praznici i posebni običaji za njih vezani, a to su: dečji dan - Detinci, dan majki - Materice i dan očeva - Oci ili Očevi.
Detinci se slave tri nedelje pred Božic. Toga dana, rano ujutro, odrasli vežu svoju ili tudju decu nekim koncicem ili mašnom za stolicu, a jedan kraj se veže za sto. Ovako se vezuju i majke na Materice i očevi na Oce. To vezivanje ima simbolično i višestruko značenje.
Post duhovno uzdiže, isceljujući nas od samoživog, lakomog i halapljivog odnosa prema svetu i drugim ljudima oko sebe i zato pravoslavni hrišćani ne smeju ugrađivati sebe u Hristovu crkvu bez posta
28. novembra 2012 počinje Božićni post koji prethodi najradosnijem hrišćanskom prazniku - Rođenju Gospoda Isusa Hrista - Božiću.
Love God and honor Him! When you pray, do not worry about words or what to say, let your prayer come from a pure heart.
Keep the Holy Spirit of God in your home. The family that prays together before the icon and vigil lamp stays together forever.
Keep the periods of fasting. It is good for the body and gives life to the soul.
Fasting is old as the human race. Fasting was practiced by pagan religions, Judaism and Christianity, and it was generally considered an important element of religious life, although with different practices and understanding. In the ancient religions of the East fasting meant a complete abstention from good for a certain period of time — one day or more. The origin of fasting as a moral discipline, especially among the old pagan religions is very obscure, just as their understanding of God was inadequate and vague.
Hram je sveto mesto, i kada covek ulazi u njega mora ulaziti tiho, lagano i sa dubokim strahopostovanjem. Kad se dodje do crkvenih vrata, malo se zastane, prekrsti se i lagano pokloni prema hramu. Ako je guzva, strpljivo se ceka da se kupe svece. Kad se svece kupe, odlazi se mestu gde se pale svece vodeci racuna da se ledja ne okrecu oltaru ili svesteniku u toku kadenja. Prekrsti se, celiva se sveca i nameni se za sta se pali (na primer: "Ovu svecu za zdravlje mome bratu Jovanu, neka ga Gospod pomiluje i spase" ili "Ovu svecu za pokoj duse moga dede Nikole, Bog da mu dusi prosti") Kada se svece zapale, onda se tiho, kao senka, odlazi i celivaju se celivajuca ikone. Na sluzbu se dolazi pre pocetka Bogosluzenja, jer se kasnijim hodanjem kroz hram ometa Bogosluzenje i paznja vernika.