The Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos

The Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos

 

               This feast of the Protection of the Theotokos is neither one of the Twelve Great Feasts of the Church nor is it a commemoration of any events in the earthly lives of our Lord or His Mother. So why does the Orthodox Church—here in twenty-first-century North America—keep this feast?

 

From the fifth to the fifteenth centuries, Constantinople presided over a glorious civilization. On scores of occasions over the course of those centuries, however, Constantinople came under grave threats. More than once, the Byzantine Empire—along with its capital—teetered on the verge of collapse. One of the most perilously dramatic moments in the history of the city took place in the 860’s.

The city, as often happened, fell under barbarian attack. The massive gates of the city were closed. The port was sealed off. The people manned the defenses and prayed. The attackers—pre-Christian Russians reputed for their great brutality—descended with a fleet that threatened to overwhelm the defenses of Constantinople. The first assaults on the city went badly for the defenders. During one of the lulls in the fighting, however, the people of the city were able to gather together for prayer inside the Church of the Virgin at Blachernae where the veil of the Virgin Mary was kept and venerated.

 

While a service was being sung in the church, a holy fool, the Blessed Andrew, saw the Theotokos in a vision. As she was carrying her veil, she stretched it out over the city and over all the people defending it. Beneath her protection, Blessed Andrew and others were shown, the people of the city could take refuge. As part of the veil that the Theotokos was carrying was dipped in the waters of the Bosporus, an incredible storm began to brew. The attacking Russians, allowed to see the Theotokos, were accordingly disturbed by both her appearance and the dramatic change in the weather. Depending on the account one reads, the Russians were either scared off or overwhelmed by the storm. Regardless, the people of Constantinople believed that the Lord, through the prayers of His Mother, had preserved their city from certain destruction. The Orthodox faithful preserved in their memory this specific intervention of the Theotokos in the affairs of God’s people; thus the feast entered into the liturgical life of the Church.

Today, Orthodox Christians still remember this event. The Russians, particularly, have a deep love for this feast. A surprisingly large number of churches throughout Russia, in fact, bear the name Protection (Pokrov) of the Theotokos. The great irony of the Feast of the Protection is that those who most faithfully keep this feast are the biological descendants of those pre-Christian Russians who were scattered at the gates of Constantinople! (In the ninth century, of course, the Russians were still pagans and constituted, most likely, the Byzantine Empire’s greatest foes. It was not until 988 that the Slavs of Rus were permitted to hear the Gospel and be baptized.)

What might the Feast of the Protection mean to us today here in America? First, we are reminded that the prayers of the Theotokos avail much. She bore Jesus. She was His Mother. She tended His scrapes. He suckled at her breasts. Thus, her proximity to Him is a comfort and a support to us. When we cry out to her, “Most Holy Theotokos, save us!” we proclaim that she who remained at the foot of the Cross can support us as we journey down the Way of the Cross.

This feast also reminds us that, like our Orthodox fore-bearers, we are to remember and cherish the good things that have been done for us. Our Divine Liturgy—especially the rich prayers of the Anaphora—exhorts us to remember: “remembering this saving commandment and all those things which have been done for us…” We recall all the things He has done and then we thank Him. We thank Him for the intercessions of His Mother, remembering what she has done. We thank Him for the testimony of His saints—those glorified and those known only to Him—and remember their deeds.

On this feast, let us be encouraged that the Lord, through the prayers of His Mother, is quick to help not only the Church, but also the people immediately around us. Asking for her intercessions as from our own mothers, let us also take stock of all the good things that the Lord has already done for us.

The First Sunday of Lent: The Sunday of Orthodoxy

introduction

The Sunday of Orthodoxy is the first Sunday of Great Lent. The dominant theme of this Sunday since 843 has been that of the victory of the icons. In that year the iconoclastic controversy, which had raged on and off since 726, was finally laid to rest, and icons and their veneration were restored on the first Sunday in Lent. Ever since, this Sunday has been commemorated as the "Triumph of Orthodoxy."

The Seventh Ecumenical Council dealt predominantly with the controversy regarding icons and their place in Orthodox worship. It was convened in Nicaea in 787 by Empress Irene at the request of Tarasios, Patriarch of Constantinople. The Council was attended by 367 bishops.sunday of orthodoxy

Almost a century before this, the iconoclastic controversy had once more shaken the foundations of both Church and State in the Byzantine empire. Excessive religious respect and the ascribed

SVETI SAVA

27. januara / po starom, 13. januara
 

Vernici i Srpska pravoslavna crkva (SPC) svake godine, 27 januara, slave dan utemeljivača srpske crkve, države i školstva - Svetog Save.

Savindan se obeležava i u svim školama u Srbiji kao radni ali nenastavni dan, pa đaci redovno dolaze u školu da bi prisustvovali tradicionalnoj školskoj slavi.

Sveti Sava bio je prvi srpski arhiepiskop, svetitelj i prosvetitelj. Bio je najmlađi sin velikog župana Stefana Nemanje, kršten kao Rastko, a kada se zamonašio uzeo je ime Sava.

Rastko se na Svetoj Gori zamonašio uprkos snažnom protivljenju roditelja koji su mu namenili vladarsku misiju.

Njegovim ustoličenjem za arhiepiskopa 1219. godine utemeljena je i samostalna Srpska pravoslavna crkva.

Zajedno sa ocem Stefanom, zamonašenim kao Simeon, Sveti
Sava je osnovao Hilandar i izgradio još 14 manastira, postajući tako ktitor prve srpske duhovne zajednice na Svetoj Gori.

Sveti Sava je napisao tipik, na slici desno, po kojem se monasi imaju upravljati i vladati i napisao žitije svog oca, prebodobnog Simeona.

U Studenici, na slici desno, je osnovao 1209. godine bolnicu, prvu na području srpske države. Sveti Sava se smatra začetnikom srpske srednjovekovne književnosti pa je stoga i zaštitnik prosvetnih ustanova.