The First Sunday of Lent: The Sunday of Orthodoxy

introduction

The Sunday of Orthodoxy is the first Sunday of Great Lent. The dominant theme of this Sunday since 843 has been that of the victory of the icons. In that year the iconoclastic controversy, which had raged on and off since 726, was finally laid to rest, and icons and their veneration were restored on the first Sunday in Lent. Ever since, this Sunday has been commemorated as the "Triumph of Orthodoxy."

The Seventh Ecumenical Council dealt predominantly with the controversy regarding icons and their place in Orthodox worship. It was convened in Nicaea in 787 by Empress Irene at the request of Tarasios, Patriarch of Constantinople. The Council was attended by 367 bishops.sunday of orthodoxy

Almost a century before this, the iconoclastic controversy had once more shaken the foundations of both Church and State in the Byzantine empire. Excessive religious respect and the ascribed

SVETI SAVA

27. januara / po starom, 13. januara
 

Vernici i Srpska pravoslavna crkva (SPC) svake godine, 27 januara, slave dan utemeljivača srpske crkve, države i školstva - Svetog Save.

Savindan se obeležava i u svim školama u Srbiji kao radni ali nenastavni dan, pa đaci redovno dolaze u školu da bi prisustvovali tradicionalnoj školskoj slavi.

Sveti Sava bio je prvi srpski arhiepiskop, svetitelj i prosvetitelj. Bio je najmlađi sin velikog župana Stefana Nemanje, kršten kao Rastko, a kada se zamonašio uzeo je ime Sava.

Rastko se na Svetoj Gori zamonašio uprkos snažnom protivljenju roditelja koji su mu namenili vladarsku misiju.

Njegovim ustoličenjem za arhiepiskopa 1219. godine utemeljena je i samostalna Srpska pravoslavna crkva.

Zajedno sa ocem Stefanom, zamonašenim kao Simeon, Sveti
Sava je osnovao Hilandar i izgradio još 14 manastira, postajući tako ktitor prve srpske duhovne zajednice na Svetoj Gori.

Sveti Sava je napisao tipik, na slici desno, po kojem se monasi imaju upravljati i vladati i napisao žitije svog oca, prebodobnog Simeona.

U Studenici, na slici desno, je osnovao 1209. godine bolnicu, prvu na području srpske države. Sveti Sava se smatra začetnikom srpske srednjovekovne književnosti pa je stoga i zaštitnik prosvetnih ustanova.

ORTHODOXY

Orthodoxy in the World ConstantinopleThe Patriarchate of Constantinople again, at least nominally, became independent after World War I and the rise of modern, secular Turkey, although greatly reduced in size. At present the Patriarch's jurisdiction includes Turkey, the island of Crete and other islands in the Aegean, the Greeks and certain other national groups in the Dispersion (the Diaspora) in Europe, America, Australia, etc. as well as the monastic republic of Mt. Athos and the autonomous Church of Finland. The present position of the Patriarchate in Turkey is precarious, persecution still exists there, and only a few thousand Greek Orthodox still remain in Turkey. (a) Mt. AthosLocated on a small peninsula jutting out into the Aegean Sea from the Greek mainland near Thessalonica, Mt. Athos is a monastic republic consisting of twenty ruling monasteries, the oldest (Great Lavra) dating to the beginning of the 11th Century, as well as numerous other settlements sketes, kellia, hermitages, etc. Of the twenty ruling monasteries, seventeen are Greek, one Russian, one Serbian, and one Bulgarian. (One, Iveron, was originally founded as a Georgian monastery, but now is Greek.) Perhaps 1,500 Monks are presently on the Mountain, a dramatic decline from the turn of the Century when, in 1903, for example, there were over 7,000 Monks there. This is due, in great part, to the halt of vocations from the Communist countries, as well as to a general decline in monastic vocations worldwide. However, there appears to be a revival of monastic life there, particularly at the monasteries of Simonopetra, Dionysiou, Grigoriou, Stavronikita, and Philotheou, and two Monks have shone as spiritual lights there in this Century - the Elder Silouan ( 1938) of St. Panteleimon's Russian Monastery and the Elder Joseph ( 1959) of the New Skete. (b) Finland The Orthodox Church of Finland, an autonomous Church (self-governing, except that the primate is confirmed by the Patriarch of the Mother Church, in this case Constantinople) was originally the fruit of the Monks of Valaam Monastery on Lake Ladoga, who spread Orthodoxy among the Finnish Karelian tribes in the 14th Century. Until 1917, the Finnish Church was part of the Russian Orthodox Church, but with the independence of Finland in 1917 and the unsettled situation in Russia after the Revolution, since 1923 it has been under the spiritual care of Constantinople. There are, today, approximately 66,000 Orthodox faithful in the Finnish Orthodox Church. Alexandria